25 February 2017 – Astro-Weather: Many of us have been following the dance between Venus & Mars these past 3 weeks,
but also blazing high in the south on the meridian by about 8 or 9 pm right now, is the dazzling Sirius. And have you ever seen Canopus, the second-brightest star after Sirius? In one of the many interesting coincidences Canopus crosses due south just 21 minutes before Sirius does.
When to look? Canopus is precisely due south when Beta Canis Majoris — Mirzam the Announcer, the star about three finger-widths to the right of Sirius — is at its highest point due south around 7 -8 pm now. Look straight down from Mirzam, the brightest star to the right of Sirius.
Rudolf Steiner’s Lectures on this day (his Birthday!!!)
ON THIS DAY IN HISTORY
138 – The Roman emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, to be his successor
777 – Deathday of Saint Walpurga The earliest representation of Walpurga, in the early 11th-century Hitda Codex, made in Cologne, depicts her holding stylized stalks of grain. The grain attribute represents the older pagan concept of the Grain Mother. Peasant farmers fashioned her replica in a corn dolly at harvest time & told tales to explain Saint Walpurga’s presence in the grain sheaf. St. Richard, when starting with his two sons on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, entrusted Walburga, then 11 years old, to the abbess of Wimborne. Walpurga was educated by the nuns of Wimborne Abbey, Dorset, where she spent 26 years as a member of the community. She then travelled with her brothers, Willibald & Winebald, to Francia to assist Saint Boniface, her mother’s brother, in evangelizing among the still-pagan Germans. Because of her rigorous training, she was able to write her brother Winibald’s vita & an account in Latin of his travels in Palestine. As a result, she is often called the first female author of both England & Germany. Walpurga became a nun in the double monastery of Heidenheim am Hahnenkamm, which was founded by her other brother, Willibald, who appointed her as his successor. Following his death in 751, she became the abbess
1631 – François de Bassompierre, a French courtier, is arrested on Richelieu’s orders
1848 – Provisional government in revolutionary France, by Louis Blanc’s motion, guarantees workers’ rights
1856 – A Peace conference opens in Paris after the Crimean War
1861 – Birthday of Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner
1866 – Miners in Calaveras County, California, discover what is now called the Calaveras Skull – human remains that supposedly indicated that man, mastodons, and elephants had co-existed
1870 – Hiram Rhodes Revels, a Republican from Mississippi, is sworn into the United States Senate, becoming the first African American ever to sit in the U.S. Congress
1901 – J. P. Morgan incorporates the United States Steel Corporation.
1921 – Tbilisi, capital of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, is occupied by Bolshevist Russia
1928 – Charles Jenkins Laboratories of Washington, D.C. becomes the first holder of a broadcast license for television from the Federal Radio Commission
1932 – Adolf Hitler obtains German citizenship by naturalization, which allows him to run in the 1932 election for Reichspräsident
1948 – The Communist Party takes control of government in Czechoslovakia & the period of the Third Republic ends
1956 – In his speech On the Cult of Personality and Its Consequences, Nikita Khrushchev, leader of the Soviet Union denounces the cult of personality of Joseph Stalin
1968 –135 unarmed citizens of Hà My village in South Vietnam’s Quảng Nam Province are killed & buried en mass in the Hà My massacre
1986 – People Power Revolution: President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos flees the nation after 20 years of rule; Corazon Aquino becomes the Philippines’ first woman president
1991 – Gulf War: An Iraqi scud missile hits an American military barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia killing 28 U.S. Army Reservists from Pennsylvania
1991 – The Warsaw Pact is declared disbanded
1992 – Khojaly massacre: About 613 civilians are killed by Armenian armed forces during the conflict in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan
1994 – Mosque of Abraham massacre: In the Cave of the Patriarchs in the West Bank city of Hebron, Baruch Goldstein opens fire with an automatic rifle, killing 29 Palestinian worshippers & injuring 125 more before being subdued & beaten to death by survivors
February 23–March 1: Fasching/Fasnacht – a German carnival season, celebrations, dances, & parades in the nights leading up to Ash Wednesday
~May the rhythm of my heart stir music
That dances darkness into the light…
May my heart witness what my hands create
The words I utter, the worlds I think…
May my flesh be a sail propelled by the breath of truth
As I ride in calm waters toward destiny…
We will celebrate the 156th Anniversary of Rudolf Steiner’s Birthday
on the New Moon/Solar Eclipse
Sunday February 26th 2017, 3 pm – 5 pm
Astrologer Victoria Martin will analyze his horoscope in the most respectful manner, expounding on some classic interpretations of Rudolf Steiner’s Birth chart – For instance did you know he was born on a Full Moon, near the zenith of the sky aligned to Saturn? Victoria will also go further by adding the fixed stars, which according to Brian Gray at Steiner College, are basic components in Astrosophy.
The Solar eclipse, on Sunday February 26th 2017 indicates a new phase of Steiner’s influence, which is especially potent for the next six months!
Victoria will also do 3-minute readings for each participant to see where their birthdays fit in Steiner’s horoscope! This can be even more precise if the entire horoscope of participants is available, so please email your date, time, and place of birth to email@example.com.
Hazel Archer-Ginsberg will give a brief overview of the phases in Rudolf Steiner’s life.
We can also look into the 2017 trends if there is interest!
$10 Donation & Snacks to Share Encouraged at the Rudolf Steiner Branch of the Anthroposophical Society 4249 N. Lincoln Ave, Chicago IL. 60618. MAP
For more info. contact Hazel Archer-Ginsberg
A timeline of the Life of Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) –
25 February 1861 – Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner was born in Kraljevec, an insignificant Hungarian village in what is now Northern Croatia. So it came that he was born in a Slav environment & not in a German-speaking one, a fact which he considered essential for his life’s work. He was the first-born child of the railway telegrapher Johann Steiner & his wife Franciska Blie . He received Roman Catholic baptism two days later, because they thought he might die. This is why the 27th of February 1861 commonly has been considered to be his birthday. It was mainly his mother, a quiet friendly woman, who looked after him in the first years of his life. His father was often doing a shift for three days & nights in a row, relieved of his duties for 24 hours in a state of total exhaustion.
1862 – When Rudolf Steiner was 1½ years old, his father was transferred to Moedling near Vienna.
1863-1869 – 6 months later, his father took up a position as station Manager in Pottschach on the Semmerling line – which for those days was one of the technological most advanced railways. To the end of his life Rudolf Steiner looked at that period with joy & gratitude. It was also in this period that Rudolf Steiner’s sister Leopoldine (1864 – 1924) & his brother Gustav (1866 – 1941) were born. “The scenes amidst which I passed my childhood were marvellous. The prospect embraced the mountains linking Lower Austria with Styria. I lived in this area from the age of two to the age of eight. The most beautiful landscape embedded my childhood“.In contrast to this experience of nature stands the fact that the environment in which he grew up was dominated by his father’s employment. The family lived in the station house, directly in front of the railway tracks.
1866 – Rudolf Steiner’s early clairvoyant experiences must have lead to a feeling of isolation. He described only the first of theses events: “My mother’s sister who lived in some distance from our family home committed suicide. Nobody knew about this at the time and my parents didn’t have any message about the tragic death. I saw in a vision the whole event whilst sitting in the station’s waiting room. Later I made some remarks when my parents were around. Their reaction was to say: “You are a stupid boy”. Some days later I noticed when my father becoming very thoughtful whilst reading a letter he had received. Another couple of days later he talked alone with my mother. My mother cried for days after this conversation. It was only some years later when I was informed about the tragic death of my aunt. For the boy this was the beginning of a living in the soul. I distinguished between things and beings “one can see” and such “one can’t see”
1869 – Rudolf Steiner was eight years old when his father was transferred to Neudoerfl in Hungary, now part of Lower Austria. The family lived a isolated live troubled by sorrow for his younger brother Gustav who turned out to be hearing-impaired, dumb, & learning disabled. It was only through long walks in the surrounding area that the young Rudolf Steiner got to know the inhabitants of the village. The Monks of a nearby monastery particularly fascinated him: “It was at the age of nine when the idea established in my mind that there must be important things I have to learn about in context of the tasks of these monks.Rudolf Steiner’s childhood was influenced by many unanswered questions he carried within himself: Yes, these questions about all kind of things made me a lonely boy.”
1872 – He visited the village school in Neudorfle until 1972. He remained an outsider & never integrated in the class community: “In autumn, everyone would just talk about who harvested how many nuts. The one with the biggest bounty would be the person with the highest status. I found myself at the bottom of this hierarchy. Being the ‘foreigner in the village’ I had no right to be part of this pecking order”. Guidance & help for Rudolf Steiner came through an assistant teacher at the school in Neudoerfl. It was not the man’s outstanding teaching skills that were helpful; through this teacher Rudolf Steiner had access to a geometry book, which he was allowed to study in depth for many weeks: “As a child, I felt, without of course expressing it to myself clearly, that knowledge of the spiritual world is something to be grasped in the mind in the same way as geometrical concepts. To understand concepts that are of a pure spiritual nature gave me inner contentment. I know it was through geometry when I experienced happiness for the first time”. Beside the assistant teacher it was the priest who made a lasting impression on the 10-year-old boy. “Once he came to the school, gathered a group of the more mature students, which I was considered to belong to, in his little study and explained the Copernican system (…). I was completely taken in by the whole thing (….).Through the station’s telegraph I learned the theory, principles and laws of electricity. Still a boy I learned how to use the telegraph machine.” Following this are the first studies of History, Literature & Mathematics.
October: pupil at the secondary modern school (Realschule) in Wiener – Neustadt. Steiner perceives the orderliness & transparency in the scientific & mathematical disciplines as invigorating in view of his first super sensible & childhood clairvoyant experiences whose unfamiliarity triggered many questions.
1876 – Summer: Rudolf Steiner teaches himself shorthand. Autumn: “I gave extra lessons to fellow pupils… The College of Teachers gladly supported this by sending me students since I was considered a ‘good pupil’.”
1877 – Study of Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason during mind-numbing history lessons.
1879 – July: Steiner passes his school living examination with distinction. August: His father’s transferred to Inzersdorf near Vienna to enable the 18-year-old Steiner to study at the Polytechnic. Self study of Kant, Schelling, Hegel, Fichte, Darwin 7 others. The study of Fichte inspires Steiner to first philosophical essays.
1879-1883 – October, 1879: Begin a study course of 8 Terms at the Polytechnic in Vienna, financial support through a student grant. As bread study he decides to aim for secondary school teacher. Nevertheless he visits a variety of philosophical lectures. “At the time I felt obliged to find the truth through philosophy“. While most of the people in his environment regard philosophy as something abstract, for Steiner the spiritual world is a ‘visible’ reality’. “And this is how my view of the spiritual world was received in most places. No one wanted to hear about it“. History of physics, physics, chemistry, mechanics, geology, mineral logy, botany, mathematics, literature & history of literature, politics, zoology, medicine, philosophy are a selection of the of the areas Steiner chose to study. He passed the exams in these disciplines with excellence or distinction. As a penny-less student coming from the country side Steiner found his way into the life of Vienna only step by step & not in all areas. He had no access to the circles of the aristocracy entrepreneurs, industrial workers or the world of opera or big society events. Rudolf Steiner fulfilled his until now unsatisfied thirst for “pure music that wants to be nothing but music“ by visiting concerts & chamber music. Beethoven became his favored composer, the deadly boring music Wagner’s resenting as barbaric. He followed the political life by visiting public parliament sessions & he also becomes member of a politically orientated student organisation. The sad destiny of some of his fellow students showed him how the dominating public spirit at the time caused strong feelings of hopelessness & pessimism destroyed many lives. “At the time all this could be experienced as the seed that later in Austria lead to the crumbling of the empire”.
Karl Julius Schroer, the professor lecturing German Literature, deeply honored & admired by him, introduced Steiner in a very special way to the ‘German Classic‘ generally & especially to Goethe. For all his life Steiner looked at Goethe as a great personality & idol for the people of his time. In addition he was engaged with philosophical questions & increasingly with questions regarding the theory of recognition, inspired by Fichte‘s research regarding the relationship between spirit (I) & nature Through his intensive work on Schelling‘s contemplations about the essence of a human being, certainty grows within him regarding the ability, “to see the eternal within us in the form of the unchangeable” (quotation by Schelling). Steiner reports about this time (he was 21): “A spiritual view appeared in front of my me that was not based on a dark mystical emotions.It rather was a spiritual activity fully comparable in it’s clarity to the thinking in mathematical terms.I approached a condition of mind that gave me the certainty that I would be able to justify the view of the spiritual world I carried within me in the light of modern scientific thinking.”
1882 -Autumn: Prof Joseph Kurschner invites Steiner on recommendation by Prof. Karl Julius Schroer, to edit Goethe’s scripts about natural science within ‘German National Literature‘ edited by Kurschner. For Steiner this means the beginning of 1½ decades of Goethe research.
1883 – October: Steiner leaves the Polytechnic without final exam & without finishing his studies despite having successfully past all intermediate examinations. His hope was to lay the foundation for a career in literary studies with his work about Goethe’s natural science scripts. This hope was not fulfilled.
1884 –The literature experts positively acknowledge the First volume of Goethe’s Scripts About Natural Science, first published in March. April: On request Kurschner’s Steiner agrees to edit articles in the field of mineralogy and later in general natural science in Kurschner’s Conversation Dictionary.
June: Steiner is entrusted with the role of an educator in the household of Ladislaus Specht. This is an important practical educational task that becomes for Steiner a rich source of learning. He becomes friend with the lady of the house, Pauline Specht. She becomes a confidant with whom he can talk about all the things important to him. His position gave him time to establish & maintain social contacts & to pursue out his own work and studies.
1885 – Study of Eduard von Hartmann’s other philosopher’s work. Rudolf Steiner continues his studies & the editorial work on Goethe’s Scripts about Natural Science. Friendship with Radegunde & Walter Fehr.
1886 – By making the acquaintance with the poet Marie Eugenie Delle Gracie, a new circle of society opens up to Steiner. Some of the personalities he meets are lecturers of theology at the University of Vienna who recommended to Steiner to study the philosophies of Aristotle & Thomas of Aquinas. April: The book Baselines of a Theory of Knowledge of Goethe’s Philosophy of life is concluded. It already contains important basic ideas of Steiner’s freedom philosophy.
June: Steiner accepts a position offered by the Director of the Goethe Archive in Weimar.
1887 – By the beginning of the year severe illness forces Steiner to stop all his activities. The Specht Family however gives all the attention & love he needs for his recovery. Since summer Steiner thoroughly concerns himself with the questions of aesthetics. He especially studies the philosophical aestheticians of the 19th century, under it Eduard von Hartmann with whom he gets in contact. (by letter). The book Baselines of a Theory of Knowledge of Goethe’s Philosophy of life is praised in professional circles, but also criticized – in a fair way –.
Autumn: The beginning of a friendship with Fritz Lemmermayer, who brings him in contact with numerous poets.
1888 – Without neglecting the work he was engaged in previous years, Steiner becomes the editor (informally) for the German Weekly Revue. This gives him the opportunity to discuss publicly questions of politics, literature, philosophy i.e. A review by Steiner of Robert Hamerling’s Epos Homunculus, published in the German Weekly Revue, rejected by the majority of readers as a grotesque work of literature, causes astonishment within the Specht family, since the statements regarding the position of Judaism, understood by Steiner in an objective way, have been considered as a special kind of anti-Semitism. This doesn’t change his friendly relationship with the Specht family. Hamerling expresses his gratitude for the ‘understanding and the excellent article about ‘Homunculus’.
1889 –In this year it is for the first time that Steiner undertakes extensive travelling. It is also his first journey to Germany. In spring he visits Budapest, Weimar in the summer. His work-schedule for the position at the Goethe-Archive is established during this visit to Weimar. He further travels to Berlin (meeting with Eduard von Hartmann), Stuttgart, Munich & Eisenach. At Christmas he visits Hermannstadt where he also gives some lectures. For the first time he encounters Nietzsche’s Work: ‘Beyond Good and Evil’ was the first of Nietzsche’s books I read. I was at same time captivated and repelled by his views. I found it hard to relate to Nietzsche’s way of thinking. I loved his style and courage; what I didn’t like at all was the way he talked about the deepest problems without connecting himself with a conscious spiritual experience”.By the end of the year Steiner gets in contact with the Theosophists in Vienna. Although considering the time spent in this circle as valuable throughout, he doesn’t really endorse the kind of Theosophy practiced, which he characterizes as a ‘spiritual weakness’ that influences the spiritual development in a negative way. Soon afterwards he turns his back to Theosophy & Mystics in order to further his freedom philosophy. Later (1891) he mentioned the “mystic element in which I submerged for a while in a disturbing way in Vienna. At this time questions regarding the riddles of reincarnation take on a more tangible shape. I did struggle with the riddles of repeated lives of a human beings on earth. Some revelations came to me when having met personalities who’s habits of live an characters revealed traces of an essence, entity that couldn’t possibly be explained by their genetic inheritance and the way life experience has shaped them since they where born.”
1890 – March: His acquaintance with the poet Rosa Mayreder leads to a deep friendship & a mutual understanding that allows exchanging his freedom philosophical thoughts & ideas. She shares some of his loneliness in which he fell (already at 1882) caused by the deviation of his views from the usual way of thinking. “I had nobody at the time I could talk too about my views“. Another source of redemption from his loneliness originates Goethe’s work in which he finds his own thoughts expressed. During the summer Steiner starts to work on his Thesis, later extended & published with the title Truth and Science. September: Steiner moves to Weimar to commence work at the Goethe – Schiller Archive. Weimar will be his residence until 1897. “I received a warm welcome”.
1891 – First he appreciated the attractive side of his work: the discovery of new, important or unknown facts. Already in April 1991 it says: “The viewing, sorting and classifying in the archive dulls my mind and causes a spiritual discomfort, that almost destroyed any urge to write myself. He considers his Goethe work as a skin, a shell that has become lifeless, and that he wants to leave behind for once. Otherwise my whole existence is going to become a lie and a nuisance: my work and my achievements will not be my own anymore, but those of a miserable puppet”. In October, Steiner begins to work on the “Philosophy of Freedom”, his major philosophical work. 26th of October: Doctor of Philosophy officially awarded. His thesis, later extended and published under the title: ”Truth and Science”, considered by Steiner as the prelude for a “Philosophy of Freedom”, has the theme: “The basic question of the Science of Cognition in special consideration of Fichte’s Theory of Science”. November: Steiner studies the philosophy of the middle age, “the area in which I considered my knowledge still to be incomplete. Once I feel confident here, the gap between the profound knowledge I have about the ancient time and the newer times will be closed, and only then I may claim to be on solid ground“.
December: In a letter to Pauline Specht (Vienna), Steiner characterizes the mood caused by the circumstances as so powerful to cause him the feeling of ongoing disgust. His working conditions might have contributed to this feeling – the archive was limited to only a few rooms within the castle of Weimar, & his superior was the pettiest of the pettiest- “a real ‘philister’ with the nature of a ‘schoolmaster’, incapable of taking a wider point of view”. – as well as his uncomfortable 2-bedroom flat, & the fact, “to have no one with an understanding I could talk with”.
1892 – January: “Today the only thing left to say is, that my book (The Philosophy of Freedom) makes good progress. The disposition and the arrangement of the content are now determined”. Besides his work in the archive, Steiner is also engaged as a writer. He often writes essays & reviews. Not seldom he criticizes in his articles the preaching of moral that is done without any basis of knowledge. Because of this he made himself a number of enemies, but was supported by Ernst Haeckel. His moral views (ethical individualism) may be characterized by the following quotation: “A general prescription from the big pharmacy of moral remedies can only be rejected by all those, who really work towards a better future”. At the same time he committed himself to edit the work of Schopenhauer & Jean-Paul for the publishing house Cotta. By the middle of the year, Steiner moves to a flat at the place of Anna Eunike, “soon a close friendship developed“. In 1899, Steiner married Anna Eunicke. They were later separated; Anna died in 1911. December: Steiner explains to Haeckel something that was also significant for all his later work: “Since I am a writer, I am fighting against any dualism, and I consider it as a task of philosophy, to justify monism scientifically by means of a strictly positive analysis of our cognitive capacity, and also to proof, that all results gained by natural science are the real truth”.
1893 – While aiming for a teaching position in philosophy at the Polytechnical School in Vienna with increasing enthusiasm, he continues with the previous’ years activities. Also Steiner’s popularity as a lecturer grows also in other towns & cities. On the 15th of June, the election for the ‘Reichstag’ takes place. Steiner comments: “I experience the increase in roughness and ignorance that has shown in the last election as really frightening”. After the completion and the publishing of his Philosophy of Freedom, Steiner asks many personalities under his friends & in the circle of professionals for their opinions & for reviews.
December: “It is now more than three years since I arrived in Weimar, and in the three summers so much strain was laid on me, not allowing me even two weeks to relax without having to work“.
1894 – Meeting with Haeckel; beginning of correspondence with him.
1896 – Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche asked Steiner to set the Nietzsche archive in Naumburg in order. Förster-Nietzsche introduced Steiner into the presence of the catatonic philosopher & Steiner, deeply moved, subsequently wrote the book Friedrich Nietzsche, Fighter for Freedom.
1897 – Steiner left the Weimar archives & moved to Berlin. He became owner, chief editor, & active contributor to the literary journal Magazin für Literatur, where he hoped to find a readership sympathetic to his philosophy. His work in the magazine was not well received by its readership, including the alienation of subscribers following Steiner’s unpopular support of Émile Zola in the Dreyfus Affair. The journal lost more subscribers when Steiner published extracts from his correspondence with anarchist writer John Henry Mackay. Dissatisfaction with his editorial style eventually led to his departure from the magazine.
1899 – Instructor at the Berlin “Workers’ School of Education” (Arbeiter-Bildungsschule). Steiner meets the Mystery of Golgotha
1900-Beginning of activities as a lecturer on various Anthroposophic themes under the invitation of the Berlin Theosophic Society, transmitting only the results of his own original esoteric research.
1902–Nominated the General Secretary of the German Theosophical Society. In the same day, gives a lecture with title “Anthroposophy“.
1902-1912-Intensive activity as a lecturer in Berlin & in whole Europe. Marie von Sievers becomes his constant cooperator.
1903-Foundation of the Luzifer journal, later Luzifer-Gnosis (GA 10-12, 34)
1905-First writings on the threefold social organization (in GA 34)
1906-Meeting with Edouard Schuré; Marie von Sievers had translated some of his works.
1907-Organizes the world conference of the Theosophical Society in Munich, where he introduces artistic activities for the first time.
1910-1913-Writes & directs his 4 Mystery Dramas, one each year, in Munich (GA 14)
1912-Introduction of the new art of Eurythmy (GA 277a) & Speech Formation (GA 281)
1912 -13–Separation from the Theosophical Society & foundation of the Anthroposophical Society.
1913-1923–Construction of the first Goetheanum in Dornach, Switzerland, a true work of art hand carved in wood
1914–Marriage with Marie von Sivers
1914-1924-In lectures in Dornach, Berlin & many cities all over Europe, gives indication for the renewal of many areas of human activity: art, education, sciences, social life, medicine, pharmacology, therapies, agriculture, architecture & theology.
1919-Intensive activities as a writer & lecturer on his ideas on social renewal, the Threefold Commonwealth (GA 23, 328-341) mainly in Southern Germany. Foundation of the Free Waldorf School (Freie Waldorfschule) in Stuttgart (GA 293-295), directed by him up to his death
1920-1st course for physicians (GA 312), beginning the application to what became Anthroposophical Medicine.
1921–Foundation of the “Das Goetheanum” weekly, with his regular contributions (GA 36, 260a). Foundation of the first Anthroposophical Clinic, in Arlesheim by Ita Wegman
1922– Foundation of the religious renewal movement “The Christian Community”, by clergymen under his orientation. On NYE the Goetheanum burns down.
1923– The Christmas Conference, foundation of the new General Anthroposophical Society (Allgemeine Anthroposophische Gesellschaft).Beginning of the design & gypsum modeling of the 2nd Goetheanum, to be built in 1925-28 after his death, in reinforced concrete.
1923-1925-Publishes every week in Das Goetheanum his autobiography (GA 28), which would remain unfinished (covers his life up to 1907). In cooperation with Dr. Ita Wegman, writes the book on Anthroposophical Medicine (GA 27).
1924–Course on agriculture in Koberwitz (GA 327), beginning of bio-dynamic farming. Course on Curative Education (GA 317A)Last lecture Sept. 9 beginning of his fatal disease.
1925–Death in Dornach on March 30. His published work, including lecture cycles, comprises more than 350 titles.